Leadership in the west is in crisis. Post-Brexit the European Union will be faced with the necessity of further political integration and the internal resistance this will inevitably provoke. It may be decades before the EU is in a position again to move from consolidation to expansion. Brexit has put a significant dent in British soft power. The increasing isolation of London will push it closer to the point of becoming a US satellite, making it ever more likely to follow US hard power policies.
The Russian Foreign Ministry has upgraded its language of “concern” at the US’ intervention to the less diplomatic phraseology of the US posing a “threat to [Russia’s] national security.” This may well be a simple matter of Obama firing a parting shot at Putin in retaliation for Russia’s alleged involvement