University of Dublin, Trinity College | Dublin, Ireland: Bachelor in Art in Theology and Biblical Studies, and a Masters in Philosophy in Race, Ethnicity, and Conflict. Dissertations on Mythology (B.A.) and on Israeli Settlements (M.Phil.).

Pontifical University | Salamanca, Spain: Bachelor in Sacred Theology and Philosophy as a seminarian in the Royal Scots College for the Diocese of Dumfries and Galloway in Scotland. Sacred Scripture, Epistemology, Greek, Latin, and Hebrew.

Kilmarnock Academy | Ayrshire, Scotland: Standard Grades and Highers in all the usual secondary school subjects – English, Mathematics, Physics, Art and Design, Religious Studies, History, and Graphic Design.